By Martin WalkerRead moreIt is a fact that, on paper, the top universities of the world are in a position of great privilege and power.
The number of Nobel laureates in physics and chemistry alone is at least 1,000.
And while it is not always a perfect system, we do have some good indicators.
Anecdotally, Nobel prize winners are far more likely to be male, richer and have degrees from top universities than their male counterparts.
They are also far more educated than their female counterparts.
And in the sciences, we know that men and women have a similar range of fields in which they study.
But in a few other areas, where men and boys are far less likely to have degrees, they are less likely.
Here are a few of the best examples.
The best of the male Nobel winnersThe list of the 100 highest paid scientists in the world has now reached 2,000 names, including one who is not a scientist but who is an artist and a musician.
This list includes some of the most famous and successful scientists of our time.
The top of the list of female Nobel winners The list of women who have won the Nobel Prize for Physics includes the likes of a Nobel Prize winner who is a composer, a Nobel Laureate who is the author of books and a physicist who is both a professor of physics and a Nobel laureate.
There are also some well-known female scientists who are not on this list, such as the American physicist Barbara Bell.
However, there are many female scientists in science who are still working in their fields.
Among these are scientists who have had success, but are not Nobel laureaters.
Here are five of the greatest women scientists of the 20th century.
The worst of the female Nobel laureasesThe list is filled with women who are on the list who have not made the cut for the prestigious Nobel Prize.
The list includes scientists who were either scientists but whose careers were cut short by disease or by accidents, or women who were successful but who never had the chance to make the Nobel prize.
In fact, there have been five women who received the Nobel Peace Prize in 2018, for their efforts to end the suffering of the Syrian people.
They include the German physicist Barbara Honegger, who became the first woman to win a Nobel Peace prize.
Honegger was born in 1938, and became an engineer at the age of 21.
She joined the Nobel Committee in 1959, and her first prize was the Peace Prize.
She was awarded the Peace prize in 1979 for her work on the nuclear waste problem.
In 2015, Honeger received the Peace Medal.
She also received the Presidential Medal of Freedom in 2002, the first female recipient of the award.
Honesgger was an adviser to President Trump during the presidential campaign and served on the White House Science Advisory Board.
She is a former chair of the National Academy of Sciences.
The list has not stopped there.
There are three Nobel laureasers from China, including two who are the chair of scientific societies in Beijing and Shanghai.
There is another woman who was a member of the Chinese delegation to the United Nations, which was the first to hold the Nobel Laureating Ceremony in New York City in 1959.
She is the director of the Center for International Research on Gender in Science and Technology at the China Institute of Social Sciences, a joint project between the China Academy of Social Science and the China Science and Engineering Research Institute.
The three laureates on this year’s list are not the only women who made it to the prestigious prize list.
The following list includes women who worked on projects in the fields of astrophysics, chemistry and biochemistry.
They are also just a small portion of the women scientists who worked in areas of the sciences that have not yet made the list.
We have a list of 50 female Nobel Laureaters that will change your perspective on science and its role in our lives.
The Nobel Prize is a great honour for all who work for peace, and to me it has always been about making the world a better place, as opposed to getting a medal for a few achievements, such to my colleague Barbara Honesgger.
We hope you enjoyed reading our guide to female scientists.
You can also take a look at our list of 25 of the great science writers.
Follow Martin Walker on Twitter: @MartinWalkerBBCOpinion writer and BBC News website editor Sarah Halliday is a science journalist based in Cambridge, UK.
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